How To Use Sandstone For Patios And Terraces

How To Use Sandstone For Patios And Terraces

Sometimes referred to as arenite, sandstone is a building material that is frequently used as a cladding for buildings, because of its soft tones and natural variation in color. Sandstone is so called because it is made up of rock grains that are approximately the same proportion of grains of sand. The sedimentary rock, when cut, reveals what look like contours of these grains. This can be a subtle variation in tone or a more dramatic marble-like effect. Whether the hewn sandstone is marbled or more uniform in color, using it as a material for a landscaping makes a lot of sense because it is quite easy to shape. Indeed, sandstone has been used as a building material since ancient times all over the globe.

Many sandstones have weather resistant properties, making them ideal for exposed places such as terraces and patios. Repurposing old sandstone slabs for a new use is perfectly possible. When constructing a patio with sandstone it can be beneficial to start work over a concrete base that has already been laid. Because you can shape sandstone with relative ease, slabs can be laid very close to one another. This can mean you are able to do away with the use of mortar, creating a visually pleasing and distinctive effect. However, such styling is probably best left to an expert rather than a DIY project.

Sandstone Steps.

Sandstone works equally well in large single slabs, ideal for steps, as it does for smaller paving slabs. If you have plans for a sandstone terrace, specify any steps you need to install, that will lead to it, in the same material. So long as there is sufficient support beneath a sandstone step a single slab, that displays its grain in a broad sweep, will function very well. To create more visual impact with steps, use a darker material to edge them.


Because sandstone can be split so easily, it is ideal for flagstone paving. If your project is requires a driveway, that leads up to integral garages, then tarmac can be the obvious choice. However, this utilitarian look can detract from the color of the home’s exterior. Flagstones, that have the natural soft warmth of sandstone, do a much better job. Equally, if you are looking for material that will create warmth in a naturalistic garden, sandstone is well worth considering. Red and brown flags, overgrown by Mediterranean style planting, create a timeless look that will last a lifetime.

Indian Sandstone.



For many stone merchants, Indian sandstone is considered to be the best material to use for both terraces and patios. Indian sandstone is available in a wide variety of tones, so will be suitable in many landscaping applications. Indian sandstone is very easy to source with different finishes. It can be sawn, to create a smooth finish. So-called calibrated sandstone has a rougher finish that offers more grip underfoot. This makes it ideal for applications such as steps and by the poolside.

Terraces And Dwarf Walls.



As mentioned, sandstone is often used for cladding walls, but it is also a building material in its own right. Sandstone makes for a useful construction material for low level walls. Using the same type of sandstone for a wall and its neighboring terrace will afford a coordinated look that is hard to beat. Indeed, a dwarf wall can add definition to a landscape project, so why not extend the idea and turn your wall into a seating area?




Lighter colored sandstone reflects plenty of light and the shimmering effect of its grain is great when used in conjunction with water. However, deeper tones come shining through when sandstone gets wet. As such, it is the ideal material to use next to a pool or a water feature.